# Benchmarks

It seems that testing and benchmarks are all the rage these days, even in the homeschool arena. Have you wondered what your fourth grader should learn this year? Below is a list of benchmarks your child should have learned by the end of their fourth grade year.

Math:

1. Master addition and subtraction of numbers in the thousands.
2. Understand place value up to the hundred thousands place.
3. Understand multiplication and division and memorize times tables up to 12 X 12.
4. Understand fractions and how to add and subtract them.
5. Master estimating and rounding numbers.
6. Begin to learn ratios.
7. Begin to convert fractions to decimals.
8. Learn basic angles.
9. Master measurements.

10. Read mathematical information on various charts, and graphs.
11. Ability to place information on a chart or graph.
12. Understand word problems that have extra information in them.
13. Ability to write your own word problem.
14. Review time in hours and minutes which should have been mastered in 3rd grade.
15. Ability to count money and give change.
16. Ability to use a calculator.
17. Review less than or greater than.
Language Arts:

1. Read books and be able to summarize them.
4. Discuss whether or not they liked the book and tell why or why not.
5. Begin to recognize the different style of writers.
6. Ability to use a dictionary and place words in alphabetical order.
7. Learn 20 new spelling words each week.
8. Learn 20 new vocabulary words each week.

10. Use punctuation correctly.
11. Use capitalization correctly.
12. Ability to write a rough draft, edit it, and produce a final draft.
13. Learn about different types of poems.
14. Ability to create a poem of their own.
15. Organize stories and ideas in to a beginning, middle, and an end.
16. Ability to write a book report.
17. Ability to give an oral book report.
18. Ability to come up with an opinion and back it up with facts.
19. Begin reading newspapers and doing small oral reports on a news story.
20. Begin reading plays and create a small one of your own.
Science:

1. Understand the scientific method.
2. Ability to make predictions and come up with a hypothesis.
3. Understand classification systems and how they work.
4. Come up with your own classification system.
5. Master the forms of matter and how they change.
6. Explore chemicals and their reactions (basic baking soda and vinegar used to show how volcanoes erupt).
7. Understand the concepts of speed and force.
8. Understand heat and its conductors.
9. Explain why an environment affects the life around it (plant, animal, and human life).

10. Explain how changes of environment occur.
11. Understand the physical properties of earth’s resources (air, soil, rocks).
12. Understand the water cycle.
13. Understand erosion.
14. Learn the classifications of clouds and what each one means.
15. Learn how weather is predicted and try to predict it yourself using the
proper resources.
16. Discuss what causes hurricanes, tornadoes, and thunderstorms.
17. Understand safety measures taken before science experiments are
performed.
18. Ability to recognize what natural resource an object came from.
19. Understanding of pollution and what can be done about it.
20. Observe the effects that pollution has on plant and animal life in the
ocean.
Social Studies:

1. Understanding of citizenship and what rights an individual has.
2. Complete at least one community service project.
3. Research another culture and learn it’s customs, foods, clothing, and music.
5. Discuss immigration and emigration.
6. Research where your family originally came from.
7. Discuss the factors that led individuals to leave there home town and settle in a new land.
8. Master maps, map keys, and the symbols used on them.
9. Ability to use a globe.

10. Ability to identify all 7 continents.
11. Ability to identify all 4 oceans.
12. Ability to point out the equator, prime meridian, International date line,
tropic of cancer, and tropic of Capricorn on a map.
13. Review supply and demand.
14. Point out what makes up an economic system.
15. Ability to tell what the three branches of government are and what the
major responsibility of each is.
16. Discuss the levels of government.